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                English

                Unit 3 Friendship.ppt.Convertor

                From: UpdateTime:2015-09-14 00:00 Hit: 【Zoom:small big

                Unit 3 Friendship

                Learn to Communicate

                Proverbs and Sayings on Friendship

                1.  When love puts in, friendship is gone. 爱情进入,友情完结。

                2. A good friend is my nearest relation. 好友即至亲。

                3. A friend to everybody is a friend to nobody. 友多无好友

                4. In time of prosperity, friends will be plenty. 患难时的朋☆友才是真正的朋友。

                5. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 富裕招致朋友,困苦考验朋友。

                Discussion   Describing Your Friends

                1 体型方↙面的描述

                thin  () tall () short () round (圆圆的) slim (苗条) skinny (非常瘦) skin and bones(皮包骨的瘦) overweight (超过标准体重的∑——形容人礼貌的字之一) fat (胖——较没有礼貌的字眼) 

                small (娇小—— 指女子) a fair skin (皮肤白晢) dark skin (肤色黑) tan (褐色/古铜色皮㊣ 肤)

                2 性格方面的描述

                easygoing   随和的aggressive  有闯劲的  friendly 友好的 studious  刻苦的

                talkative        多话的adventurous 喜欢冒●险的humorous 富幽默╲感的selfless 无私的modest           谦虚的warm-hearted  热诚的strong-willed 意志坚强的outgoing 外向的ambitious        志向〓远大的introvert 性格内向的人sociable 好交际的careful 仔细的dependable可靠的 Intelligent  聪明的serious  严肃的honest诚实的sensitive 敏感的energetic 精力充沛的

                Enjoying a Song            

                Background Knowledge

                       Auld lang syne是苏格兰古语,相当与 all days gone by 可译为“往日一去不复回”。这首歌原本是苏格兰诗人罗伯特?彭斯(Robert Burns1759~1796)的一首诗,歌唱真挚的友谊,后被人谱▓以曲调。1940年美国电影《魂断蓝桥》(Waterloo Bridge)用这首歌作主题曲。然后,这首歌传遍世界各地。

                Text Learning

                New Words & Expressions

                1. information n. 信息,情报;知识

                The spacecraft will send back information on surface winds and temperatures.

                太空船★将把地表气流及温度等信息发送回来。

                We have no information about (as to / concerning) where she has gone.

                对于她的去向我们一无所知。

                2. development n. 发展

                Such strikes have played an important part in the development of the trade union movement.

                这些罢工对于推动工会运动的发展起了重要的作用。

                What is the latest development in medicine?   医学的最新发展是什么?

                3. network n. 网络;网状物;广播网

                a network of railways (canals) / an intelligence (spy) network / a world communication network

                铁路(运河)网/情报网/世界通讯网

                Each network would be responsible for a third of the telecasts.

                每个广播网都负责提供三分之一的电视广播节目。

                4. link v./n. 连结,连接

                Researches have established a link between smoking and lung cancer.

                研究已经确认了吸烟和肺癌之间的联系。

                The road links all the new towns.    这条公路把所有新的市镇都连接了起来。

                5. community n. 团体,社会

                The president met leaders of the black community during his visit to Chicago.

                访问芝加哥期间总统会见了黑人社区的领导人。

                This terrorist attack has been condemned by the entire international community.

                这次恐怖袭击受到了整个国际社会的谴责。

                6. website n. (互联网)网站,网址

                She searched the whole website but still couldn’t find the news.

                她搜索了整个网站也没有找到那条新闻。

                He has set up his own website on the Internet. 他已经在因特网上建立了自己的网站。

                7. culture n. 文化,文明

                Paris is a good city for people who are interested in culture.

                对于对文化感兴趣的人来说巴黎是一■座不错的城市。

                The aim of our library service is to bring culture to the people.

                我们图书馆的服务宗旨是把文化带给人们。

                8. locate vt. 查找,定位

                We’ve located the source of the signals, sir.  先生,我们已经找到了信号的来源。

                Can you locate Paris and Berlin on the map? 你能在地图上找出巴黎和柏林的位置吗?

                9. conversation n. 会话,交谈

                This is a private conversation; don’t interrupt!  这是私人谈话,不要插嘴!

                In today’s program, three well-known artists are in conversation with the President of the Academy.  在今天的节目中三位著名的艺术家将与院长会话。

                10. access

                You can access the website easily with the help of the software.

                借助于本软件你可以轻松登录这个网站。

                The only access to that building is along that muddy track.

                只有沿着那条泥泞的小道才能到达那幢大楼。

                vt. 进入,接近

                n. 通路;登录

                He was denied access to the sites because he forgot the password.

                他因忘记密码而被拒绝登录该网站。

                11. devote vt. 作……专用;投入于,献身

                Several pages of the paper were devoted to an account of the election.

                报纸腾出几个版面专门报道这次选举。

                He has devoted his whole life to teaching. 他把一生都奉献给了教育事业。

                12. opportunity n. 机会,时机

                You should go and see this film if you get the opportunity.

                有机会你应该去看看这部电影。

                My flight was delayed so it was a good opportunity to do some shopping.

                航班被推迟了,这正是购物◤的好机会。

                13. relationship n. 关系

                My relationship with my boyfriend has lasted six months now.

                现在我与男朋友确立关系已经有6个月了。

                They’re both called Smith, but there is no relationship between them.

                他们都叫史密斯,但他们之间□没有关系。

                14. rewarding a. 值得做的,有益的,有意义的

                Teaching can be a very rewarding career.  教书可以是一种很有意义的职业。

                Gardening is a very rewarding pastime.   园艺劳动是非∮常有益的消遣。

                15. partner n. 伙伴;合伙人

                Are you sure you want him for your partner for life?  你确信要让他做你的终身伴侣吗?

                They have been partners for a long time, so they know each other very well.

                他们已经合作很长时间了,因而他们彼此非常了解。

                16. style n. 方式,风格;时尚;类型

                Books for children should have a clear, easy style. 儿童读物应有明晰易懂的文体。

                Some people have criticized the Prime Minister’s style of leadership.

                有人批评了首相的领导风格。

                Does Paris set the style of dress for the world? 巴黎是不是开世界服装的新风?

                17. pace

                She works so fast I can’t keep pace with her. 她工作进度太快,我跟不上她。

                They deliberately slowed down the pace of new-product development this year.

                今年他们特意放慢了开发新产品的速度。

                n. 速度,步调

                v. 踱步,慢慢走

                The policeman paced up and down.  警察来来回回地踱着步。

                18. exchange n./v. 交流,交换

                He watched them closely, listening to the exchange. 他密切注视着他们,听他们交谈。

                There was a frank exchange of views between them at the meeting.

                会上他们坦率地交换了看法。

                19. instant a. 即时的,立即的;紧迫的

                The medicine gives instant relief from pain. 这≡药服后能立即解除痛苦。

                Modern technology offers us instant knowledge.

                现代〓技术为我们提供顷刻即可获得的知识。

                20. extend v. 扩充,延伸;给予,提供

                The company plans to extend its activities to video production.

                公司计划扩展业务,生产音像制◥品。

                I would like a extend to warm welcome to our visitor.

                我谨向来宾表示热烈的欢迎。

                Pre-reasing Questions

                1.       What are the two ways of making friends over the Internet?

                One way is to search for websites that have topics that interest us, like a site run by a popular football club or a popular music band. Another way to make friends using the Internet is to access sites that are devoted to this purpose.

                2.       What is the key to a successful relationship over the Internet?

                The key is to keep in touch with your friend. You can set the style and pace of the exchange to suit each other. If you use “instant messenger” systems, your chat becomes a dialogue, which is a lot of fun and can help strengthen the growing friendship.

                       Another way to strengthen the friendship is to include your school friends in your conversations too, and then you can form your own “chat” group that meets regularly and becomes a small community of friends.

                Text Structure

                Part One (Para.1)

                       Introducing the topic: how to make friends using the Internet.

                Part Two (Para.2)

                       Ways of making friends using the Internet.

                Part Three (Para.3~5)

                       Ways of keeping the friendship and its benefits.

                Language Points

                1. We live in the information age, which is changing our daily life. (Para.1, L.1~2)

                句中which引导了一个非限定性定语从句,对information age进行补充说明。文中还有多处都用了非限定性定语从句,如:

                …the information age is the Internet, which is a vast network of computers that link people… (Para.1, L.3~4)

                The word “chat”, which has become popular because of the Internet, means a light conversation among friends. (Para.2, L.8~9)

                …your chat becomes a dialogue, which is a lot of fun and can help strengthen the growing friendship. (Para.3, L.5~6)

                If your Internet club grows then perhaps you will find ways to meet your new friends face to face, which will be another story. (Para.5, L.3~5)

                译文:

                我们生活∩在一个信息时代,它正在改变着我们日常生活。

                2. One way is to search for websites that have topics that interest us. (Para. 2, L.1~2)

                that have topics that interest us是定语从句修饰websites,而从句中that interest us又是一个定语从句,修饰topics

                译文:

                方法之一是搜索包含我们感兴趣的话题的网站。

                3. If you use “instant messenger” systems, your chat becomes a dialogue, which is a lot of fun and can help strengthen the growing friendship.(Para.3, L.4~6)

                instant messenger 指的是“即时通信”软件

                解析:

                译文:

                instant a. 即时的,立即的;紧迫的

                The medicine gives instant relief from pain.

                这药服后能立即解除痛苦。

                Modern technology offers us instant knowledge.

                现代技术为我们提供顷刻即可获得的知识。

                如果你们使用的是“即时通信”软件,那么你们的聊天就变成了对话,这样的对话√会更有趣,而且还可以帮助你们巩固发展中的友谊。

                Exercises

                Reading Comprehension

                 1 Vocabulary

                Directions: In this exercise, there are five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best answers the question or completes the statement according to the text.

                1) The purpose of this passage is to ________.

                A Warn people of the dangers of chatting on the Internet

                B Help people to make friends using the Internet

                C Teach people to start their own Internet clubs on the Internet

                D Urge football clubs and popular music bands to set up websites for their fans

                2)  Which of the following is NOT true about the Internet?

                A. Some popular music bands run websites too.

                B. It links people and businesses all over the world together.

                C. You can’t meet your friends on the Internet face to face.

                D. Many websites are designed for people to make friends.

                3)    How can you start a friendship on the Internet?

                A.    Search for websites that are devoted to this purpose.

                B.    Start your own Internet club by inviting your school friends.

                C.    Search for websites that have topics that interest you.

                D.    Both A and C.

                4)    What is most essential to successful friendship on the Internet?

                A.    Using “instant messenger” systems.  B.Talking about football or music.

                C.    Keeping in touch with your friends.  D.Meeting regularly with them.

                5)    What is the tone of the author?

                A.    Supportive.            B. Casual (随意的).

                C.    Cold.                    D. Disapproving.

                2. Directions: Work in pairs to complete the outline of the text.

                1) Introduction: ________________________________. (Para. 1)

                2)  Two ways of making friends using the Internet. (Para.2)

                A. One way is ___________________________________________.For example, fans of _____________ or _________ can ______________________________________.B. Another way is ________________________________________You’ll meet people ___________________________________________.

                3) Ways of keeping the friendship and its benefits. (Para. 3~5)

                A. The key to a successful relationship over the Internet is         __________________________.

                B. Another way to strengthen the friendship is ________________________________________.

                C. Benefits: ___________________________________________________________.

                3. Reading Comprehension

                Directions: The following is the summary of the text. Listen carefully and fill in the blanks with the missing words.

                       There’re two ways to make friends over the Internet. One way is to search for 1)________ that have topics that interest us, like a site run by a popular football club or a popular music band. Another way to make friends using the Internet is to 2)________ sites that are devoted to this 3)________.Making a new friend is only the first step. The 4)______ is to keep in touch with your friend. You can change your chat into a 5)________ using “instant messenger” systems. It is a lot of fun and helps to 6) _________ the growing friendship. Another way is to 7) _______ your school friends in your conversations and 8) ______ your own “chat” group that meets regularly and becomes a small community of friends.

                Vocabulary

                1. Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word or phrase given below. Each word or  phrase can be used only once. Change the form where necessary.

                locate

                culture

                system

                opportunity

                network

                community

                exchange

                keep in touch with

                instant

                belong to

                 

                 

                 

                1) Two-thirds of the members __________ the wealthy class.

                2) The nervous system is the ________ of nerves in the body.

                3) He drank a cup of ________ coffee as soon as he arrived home.

                4) The offices are conveniently ________ in the centre of town.

                5) You shouldnt miss the __________ to see the playits rarely   put on.

                6) I find it very difficult to ___________________ all the recent developments in my subject.

                7) The job of a politician is to serve the whole ____________.

                8) A child should receive national at the young age.

                9) There was a(n) __________ of political prisoners between the two countries.

                10) What are the differences between the American and British _________ of government?

                2. Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper preposition or adverb.

                1) There is no access ________ the house from the main road.

                2) The road will link Manchester and Birmingham ________ London.

                3) At last the evidence ________ which they had been searching came to light (暴露出来).

                fortowith/to

                4) Yesterdays meeting was devoted entirely ________ questions of procedure (程序).

                5) The professor in his lecture went ________ the capacity of his audience.

                6) I’m so glad to have been the means of bringing you two ________—you are so right for each other.

                3. Directions: Fill in the blank in each sentence with a proper form of the given word in the brackets after each sentence.

                1) She arrived for an _________ stay. (extend)

                2) I’m afraid my attempt to make a cake wasn’t very __________. (success)

                3) He was concerned for the ___________ of the country’s science. (develop)

                development

                4) If we could find some eyewitnesses it would greatly __________ your case. (strength)

                5) I ________ get letters from people who have read my books. (regular)

                6) The question of school books will come up for __________ at today’s meeting. (discuss)

                4. Directions: Complete the following sentences by putting the Chinese given in the brackets into English.

                1) Its impossible to carry on a conversation _________________________________ (周围这么大的噪音).

                2) Ever since then I have been longing to ______________________ (能与他会面).

                3) I cant ________________________________ (打开电脑中的文件) any longer just because of the virus.

                4) We read _______________________ (主要是为了获取知识), not for pleasure.

                5)This is the best hotel in our city. The food is very good, and _____________________________ (服务质量也不错).

                小东西